Hanukka 2006: What’s The Truth About Sources For The “Miracle Of Oil”?

Moshe Shoshan writes in a comment on Hirhurim to a post on the validity of the so-called Scroll of Aniochus and other ‘sources’ for the so-called Miracle of Oil:

I have not had time to look into the matter thoroughly. However a quick
check of Stembergers “Introduction to Talmud and Midrash” the standard
handbook of modern scholarship of rabbinic literature suggests that R.
Zevieli has been rather selective
in his citation of the scholarly
literature on the topic of megilat Antiochus. Stemberger writes:

“Kaddari
proposes to date the work for linguistic reasons between the second and
fifth centuries, but most would assume the eighth or ninth century and
regard the language as a literary imitation of targum Onqelos.
(Similarly A. Kasher, along with other authors… considers… the text to
be… redacted in polemical reaction against the karaites, who rejected
this feast, this text could not have been composed before the second
half of the eighth century…)”

In short, Kaddari is at best, a
daas yachid on the issue, whose opinion has not been accepted. That
does not make him wrong, of course.

As for other sources for the
nes chanuka, there is only one, the famous “mai chanuka” baraita in
masseches Shabbos.
A similar text appears in many version of megilat
taanit, but numerous scholars, most recently vered noam, in her edition
of megillat taanit, argue that this is a latter interpolation from the
[Talmud] Bavli and not an independent source. These scholars rely in part on the
fact that the Or Zarua cites megillat taanit with out any reference to
the nes pach hashemen.

Even if we accept that this baraita did
in fact originate in Eretz Yisrael around the third century, (not a
simple assumption given that neither the Yerushalmi nor any EY
midrashim, even those as late a pesikta rabbati, seem to have been
aware of this baraita) this still places it centuries after the time of
the hasmonean revolt and much latter than many other accounts of
origins of chanuka. Lets not evade the issue of the nes pach shemen,
it’s a problem.

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5 Comments

Filed under Hanukka, History

5 responses to “Hanukka 2006: What’s The Truth About Sources For The “Miracle Of Oil”?

  1. Paul

    Is it possible that a later source, seeking to downplay the military victory and generate a more miraculous ‘ness Hannukkah’, saw a way to tie in the HaSH-M-Naim, the SH-M-Nah yamim and the SH-M-N by telling a beautiful story of a miracle involving all three elements and their common SH-M-N consonantal characterisitic? {As suggested by me in various forums over some years….}

  2. Yochanan Lavie

    Many cultures have solstice festivals related to light. Could the rabbis have co-opted the metaphor, since it was too popular to eliminate? The christians did the same thing with solstice trees.

    (This is not to minimize the beauty or relevence of the holiday, or the greatness of the victory).

  3. Noclue

    How does one date any particular anonymous braisa to any particular century? All we knoiw is that the braisas were statements by tanaim that were not included in the Mishna.

  4. moshe shoshan

    I would have like to have been consulted before having my post reproduced on your blog.
    I understand that you had no obligation to do so, but i think it would have been the right thing.
    Nevertheless I am most flattered.

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